Early history of shock absorbers

A shock absorber is basically an oil pump, a device for smoothing out a sudden and violent push or shock and distributing it as kinetic energy.

A shock absorber is basically an oil pump, a device for smoothing out a sudden and violent push or shock and distributing it as kinetic energy. Shock absorbers are critical in all motorcycle and car suspensions, where the landing gear is part of the support system of industrial machines.

A shock absorber is usually a cylinder containing a sliding piston that is buffered by hydraulic oil or air. In the 1900s, cars used carriage springs, a simple form of spring commonly used in the suspension of wheeled vehicles.

In terms of suspension design, the original vehicle manufacturers faced early challenges in enhancing driver control and passenger comfort. These early suspension designs found that the front wheels were attached to the axles using steering axles and kingpins, which allowed the wheels to spin while the axles remained stationary.